The prospect of resolving an issue with the legalization of marijuana after the adoption of an appropriate resolution by local authorities grounded due to a free vote procedure becomes more acute and urgent. Variability of opinions assesses or prohibits an impact of legalization being in certainly different sides. It makes the relevance of the study to determine the objectivity and accuracy of the pros and cons of the problem. Only a retrospective analysis of available information will help to evaluate the significance and possible effects of a potential legal recognition of soft drugs as commodities. After all, only on the basis of verified facts, we can formulate an objective view of the multifaceted problem that has already appeared today. Accordingly, the review of the facts for and against the process of marijuana legalization will be a subject of this study. It will help determine the importance of each criterion side and justification.
General Supporting Stakeholders
The conventional supporters of the legalization of marijuana provide a thought of its ability to field a functional usage (Minamide 45). Marijuana should be legalized because it is only a kind of soft drugs, and also, be aware that marijuana, or rather its cannabinoids components, are related to recreational agents. According to the valid situation, marijuana can help to cure patients with chronic pain and some other disease.
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First Argument for the Supportive Evidence
The leaves and stems of cannabis are appropriate for many goods’ manufacturing as they are being the raw materials. The known fact is that from the stems of marijuana it is possible to produce fibers for use in the textile industry; and its leaves are perfect for the paper production. This view on marijuana not only changes the look at it as a narcotic substance but also extends the benefits of its legalization. The introduction to produce the raw stuff from marijuana will ensure the development of a new processing industry by it as a source product. It, in turn, will create a number of jobs. It is a good step for the economic development of any country. That is, the use of marijuana as a substance for the industry will improve the socio-economic situation of the state. Also, it will change a critical vision of marijuana only as a mild drug (Carroll 118).
Second Argument for the Supportive Evidence
Also, be aware that marijuana, or rather its cannabinoids components, are related to recreational agents. This use has an authorization in medicine (Barbour 95). And the action of these substances should consider not only in terms of actual but also historical ones. Cannabis was widely used at the territory of ancient India, Peru, and the Middle East. Its use has provided the analgesics, antiepileptics, anticonvulsants, and antiemetics medical features. The first mention of its application in European medicine dated back to the colonization of India. The English army’s surgeons began to use marijuana for pain medication, treating muscle spasms, seizures, epilepsy, and rheumatism. And it was the 19th centenary. Through the practice of military doctors, cannabis had been widespread in Britain and the United States in the nineteenth century and further. According to the valid situation, marijuana can help to cure patients with chronic pain. Especially it is relevant to treat cancer patients. Usage of marijuana reducing the dosage of opioid analgesics application has some enduring medical disadvantages. An antiemetic effect of cannabis is particularly useful in conjunction with cancer chemotherapy and AIDS. In some countries, such as Canada, Israel, and Spain, Sativex drug is a combination of natural cannabinoids being particularly used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (Berlatsky 26). According to Madrid medical research center, some proofs that cannabis can provide the prevention of a memory permanent damage in patients with Alzheimer’s disease has been already highlighted. A preliminary study has showed that the principal psychoactive component of marijuana inhibits an activity of cells, causing some damage to the neurons of the brain. The mechanism of the memory loss in these patients is not well understood. However, presumably, this problem is partly related to glial macrophages (microglia) that forms a shell around the nerve cells of the brain. In Alzheimer’s disease, the activity of microglia gets out of control and harms neurons, destroying the entire regions of the brain. The recent studies suggest that cannabis may also be effective in glaucoma, schizophrenia, phantom pain, neuropathic pain, and for treating other diseases (Tuyl 49).
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General Opposing Stakeholders
Despite the above facts provided by its supporters, there are many negative thoughts about the use of marijuana existing. It should not be legalized because it is a slight drug and it will also affect the control of market drug sales
First Argument for the Opposing Evidence
The first and probably the most reasoned of them is that cannabis is a slight drug. Legalization would lead to the activation of a chain reaction with sub-reactions. For example, it is possible to get drugs to anybody. However, it is difficult to control the volume of their sales. Children will be able to buy and try some small doses of drugs. Marijuana can be a gateway to advance the application of more potent and harder drugs. Prior to marijuana as to any other drug apparently, there is a physical addiction to it. That is all of the facts that have implied following a single opinion. Legalization of marijuana will lead to the spread of drug addiction as a social phenomenon (Gerdes 9).
Second Argument for the Opposing Evidence
It will also affect the control of market sales. With the legalization of the product, its availability will increase. Accordingly, some people who want to take an advantage of it will form the so-called black market sales of illegal cannabis previously by buying it through intermediaries from official distributors. This situation makes it impossible to control the process of selling and fixing the proceeds of the tax registration of legalized drugs. On the contrary, the shadow economy sales of cannabis have become a monopoly phenomenon, denying any access to the widespread use of marijuana in other possible prospective areas.
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Analysis of Argumentation
One may argue whether the use of marijuana use as a raw material in the industry sounds judgmental. Currently, the production of textiles being focused on cotton and already familiar with the methods of producing of a qualitatively new element material itself is a cost-effective matter. The situation is similar with the paper. Paper from wood for years has been establishing such a system that its price and quality policy is focused entirely on a consumer. Also, keep in mind a public opinion, especially of the opponents of marijuana legalization. Their reaction may be weird if they state that the notebooks or jumpers of their children have been manufactured from raw marijuana. They should ponder over justifying the safety of its use as well. Apparently, you can try to do this, but it is a significant amount of time and material costs that could not bring any positive response. Therefore, the argument of marijuana use as a raw material is clearly excessive. Thus, it is in a need of a more sophisticated reasoning.
The worth of medical usage of marijuana though is reflected in the historical and actual senses and requires some clarification. Using marijuana historically as an antispasmodic and anti-convulsive drug is likely to have been justified by a spontaneous discovery of relevant properties. However, they can benefit a group of other equally effective drugs. Today, its application for treating cancer patients after chemotherapy should be paid to the drug amount. If it is a large enough dose, then the question arises on what an advantage of not using it as the opioid analgesics. Besides the direct cause-and-reason correlation dependencies and data on the effectiveness of the use of marijuana in the treatment of glaucoma, Alzheimer’s, etc., there is a need to decisively improve. On the other hand, it cannot justify that the U.S. legislation impedes the full clinical efficacy studies of marijuana. At the same time, the UK government has allowed a pharmaceutical company to grow different varieties of cannabis for the purpose of clinical trials received from marijuana.
Such a purely negative view of cannabis is also not acceptable. Even though marijuana legalization leads to the spread of drugs, it ensures the product quality. Moreover, it helps to provide the control of non-harmful chemical additives in the composition. These ones are usually worse than cannabis itself.
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Identification of Values
One should not aggravate the issue of legalization on a relationship-distribution system. The view on its permission and control relation is describing a vision from another angle as an opportunity to state the revenue, the net fixed market, and the drug prevention in children. It forms purely national market sales of marijuana under a strict pharmaceutical care. If legalization, even partial, is a ban, it will not reduce an existing fact of its use by teenagers and adults. However, it does not improve the standards of the quality control and dosage of this product clearly.
The pros and cons of legalizing marijuana have their conflict nature. Supporters determine cannabis as raw materials, medicine, and drugs without addiction and harmful effects. The opponents of an opposite view stand in between the social phenomenon of a widespread drug abuse and uncontrolled sales. However, the importance of issues is defined by consensus in terms of dose legalization deadlines, control drug delivery, and clinical needs. All this is a perspective formation for some possible conflict issues, in which no marijuana aspect will review. It will just seek the opportunities to reasonable alternatives on its use. In any case, there is an open question of its legalizing. It provides some conditions for a multilateral approach. All the views and their arguments in convincing facts are considered. Each of points occupies a special place in a hierarchy of opinions of a solution.